Methane-producing microorganism makes a meal of iron
197 articles from WEDNESDAY 4.9.2019
Genome mining reveals novel production pathway for promising malaria treatment
A new understanding of how a microorganism produces methane and carbon dioxide could eventually allow researchers to manipulate how much of these important greenhouse gases escape into the atmosphere.
Study confirms protein as potential cause of most common type of pancreatic cancer
Researchers are exploring the relationship between microbial natural products and the gene clusters that enable their production. By learning to recognize what genes lead to what types of products, they hope to use genome sequencing to speed discovery of new natural products that may have key therapeutic properties.
Natural ways of cooling cities
An oncogene, UPS21, has been confirmed as a frequently amplified gene in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, the most common and often lethal form of pancreatic cancer. The discovery could lead to new treatment options.
New material state: Quantum disordered liquid-like magnetic moments
Scientists have been researching the effect of precipitation and population size on rising temperatures in cities compared with the surrounding countryside. They have found that more green spaces can help to lower temperatures in urban zones -- but not everywhere.
Artificial intelligence used to recognize primate faces in the wild
Scientists discover a new, long-hypothesized material state with a signature of quantum disordered liquid-like magnetic moments.
Emotion-reading algorithms cannot predict intentions via facial expressions
Scientists have developed new artificial intelligence software to recognize and track the faces of individual chimpanzees in the wild. The new software will allow researchers and wildlife conservationists to significantly cut back on time and resources spent analyzing video footage, according to the new article.
From the tropics to the boreal, temperature drives ecosystem functioning
Though algorithms are increasingly being deployed in all facets of life, a new study has found that they fail basic tests as truth detectors.
Sex and height might influence neck posture when viewing electronic handheld devices
Researchers found a tight link between temperature and plant and microbe communities within forests, which will allow them to predict how ecosystems might respond to climate changes.
New research offers solution to reduce organ shortage crisis
Sex and height appear to influence how people flex their neck when viewing handheld devices, according to a new study.
Patients in the US and Canada are likely to receive opioids after surgery
Eighteen people die every day waiting for transplants, and a new patient is added to the organ transplant list every 10 minutes. Much of the problem surrounds the lack of registered donors. New research provides incentives that could lead to a solution and ultimately save lives.
Early animal had 'complex behaviour'
Patients in the United States and Canada are seven times as likely as those in Sweden to receive a prescription for opioid medications after surgery, according to a new multi-institutional study. Though the United States and Canada had similar prescription rates, patients in the U.S. were prescribed a much higher dosage - as measured by the total morphine milligram equivalents (MME).
Soldiers, athletes could improved outcomes from traumatic brain injuries
A millipede-like creature from 550 million years ago is among the earliest examples of this.
Underwater soundscapes reveal differences in marine environments
A traumatic brain injury is often easily suspected and can be confirmed and treated if necessary following an injury using a blood analysis, but scientists are reporting that even one mild blast to the brain can cause very subtle but permanent damage as well. Urine analysis taken within one week of a mild to traumatic brain injury also can provide faster diagnosis and treatment for such injuries.
Niger battles deadly floods as city streets swamped
Storms, boat traffic, animal noises and more contribute to the underwater sound environment in the ocean, even in areas considered protected.
3 Brazilian groups win major science prize for eyesight work
"That's it, time to go!" As a rising swell of muddy water creeps towards his house in Niger's capital Niamey, Mamoudou Barkire is finally leaving.
Amazon's 'tallest tree' safe from fires, say scientists
Three Brazilian organizations are sharing a 1 million-euro ($1.1 million) prize from a Portuguese scientific foundation for their work treating millions of people with eyesight disorders.
Planetary collisions can drop the internal pressures in planets
Intrepid Brazilian and British scientists say they have located the Amazon's tallest tree in northern Brazil, untouched by a spate of wildfires that have raged in the rainforest for weeks.
Johns Hopkins University announces new center for psychedelic research
A new study from Caltech shows that giant impacts can dramatically lower the internal pressure of planets, a finding that could significantly change the current model of planetary formation.
Haunting photos reveal what nuclear-disaster ghost towns look like years after being abandoned
Johns Hopkins University is launching a new center for psychedelic research that will use psychedelic drugs to study the mind and therapies for diseases like addiction. Much of Griffiths' early work with psychedelics at Johns Hopkins has focused on psilocybin, the chemical found in so-called magic mushrooms.
Researchers make key finding related to pre-mRNA splicing
Photos of abandoned nuclear ghost towns, like Namie, Japan, reveal abandoned cars and dilapidated buildings.
80% cut in antibiotics entering Thames is needed to avoid surge in superbugs
A new study led by scientists from the University of Colorado School of Medicine offers insight into the mechanism of a key cellular process.
Future of LEDs gets boost from verification of localization states in InGaN quantum wells
The amount of antibiotics entering the River Thames would need to be cut by as much as 80 per cent to avoid the development and spread of antibiotic-resistant 'superbugs', a new study has shown.
Light-emitting diodes made of indium gallium nitride provide better luminescence efficiency than many of the other materials used to create blue and green LEDs. But a big challenge of working with InGaN is its known dislocation density defects that make it difficult to understand its emission properties.