35 articles from SUNDAY 1.9.2019

As the moon passes its first quarter phase this week, it will share the sky with the two largest planets in the Solar System

At the beginning of this week, keep a watch out for a young moon. The lunar month began on 30 August, and from tonight it should be relatively easy to see a thin crescent moon. It will appear low in the west shortly after sunset. Find an unobstructed western horizon, preferably on a hill, or the top of a building, and start looking as soon as the sun disappears below the horizon. As the week progresses, the moon becomes easier to spot as the crescent grows in size and it appears higher in the sky at dusk. On 5 September, the moon will pass close to the bright planet of Jupiter in the south-west. As the weekend begins, the moon will continue to grow, passing its “half moon” first quarter phase on 6 September. It then heads for a close encounter with Saturn on 6 and 7 September. The chart shows the positions of Jupiter, Saturn and the moon on 6 September, when the moon is partway between the two planets.

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The medical community have known for a century that women are living in constant pain. They’ve done nothing about it

It’s frustrating to have questions that don’t get answered. It’s altogether disturbing to find out that those questions haven’t even been asked.

When I was diagnosed with endometriosis at age 23, I didn’t know enough to ask the right questions. I assumed my gynaecologist had all the answers, and listened carefully to his thoughtful explanations. I thought I knew it all. Or at least that he knew it all. But I was wrong.

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Despite its portrayal as a network that "champions free speech," users of the social media platform Gab display more extreme social hierarchy and elitism when compared to Twitter users, according to a new study published in the September edition of the online journal "First Monday." Researchers found a small number of Gab users hold a large amount of influence, sharing more homogeneous content than Twitter, some of which was associated with state-sponsored propaganda.

Inspired by teen climate activist Thunberg, Latin American activists converge in ChileInspired by Swedish teenage climate activist Greta Thunberg, a group of young activists from several Latin American countries have converged in Chile to exchange ideas on how to battle climate change. In a mountainous area on the outskirts of Santiago, representatives of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Paraguay and Uruguay exchanged ideas for actions to pressure changes in their countries' policies. "Our goal here is to enable them so that they have more tools, more possibility of making a stronger movement, a movement with more impact to contain the climate crisis," Ilan Zugman of the 350.org organization told Reuters.


Inspired by teen climate activist Thunberg, LatAm activists converge in ChileInspired by Swedish teenage climate activist Greta Thunberg, a group of young activists from several Latin American countries have converged in Chile to exchange ideas on how to battle climate change.     In a mountainous area on the outskirts of Santiago, representatives of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Paraguay and Uruguay exchanged ideas for actions to pressure changes in their countries' policies.     "Our goal here is to enable them so that they have more tools, more possibility of making a stronger movement, a movement with more impact to contain the climate crisis," Ilan Zugman of the 350.org organization told Reuters.


Early education, relationship with teachers paramount for children success, study saysTo many, it may not come as a surprise that children who receive education such as basic vocabulary and math skills early in life, starting in preschool, are more likely to develop life-long skills that help them do well in school for years to come, especially those in low-income communities. “Behavior management and teachers’ health help create a quality program for children” Dr. Dana Charles McCoy, study author and professor at Harvard Graduate School of Education told ABC News.


Pope Francis trapped in Vatican lift for 25 minutesIt has long been claimed by supporters of the Catholic faith that God moves in mysterious ways.  But so, apparently, does Pope Francis's personal lift in the Vatican - which broke down on Sunday, trapping the world's most powerful clergyman inside for 25 minutes.  The 82-year-old pontiff had to be freed by Vatican firefighters after an electrical fault brought his tiny private lift to a halt inside the ornate Apostolic Palace.  He arrived about 10 minutes late for his regular Sunday audience after the rescue team was called to repair the lift and to free him.  “I have to apologise for being late, but there was an accident,” the pope said with a smile. “I was trapped inside an elevator for 25 minutes." “Thank God the firefighters arrived, I want to thank them so much.” The firefighters were quickly summoned from their station inside the Vatican walls just a few hundred yards from where the pontiff was trapped. Once freed, the relieved pontiff asked the pilgrims gathered in the square to give the fire brigade a round of applause.  The small private lift is known as the “little elevator of Pope Sixtus” because it links the courtyard named after the 16th century pope to the lavishly decorated papal apartment which Francis has shunned since his election in 2013. Pope Francis shaking hands with France's Cardinal Philippe Barbarin Credit: AFP He lives at the Santa Marta residence inside the Vatican walls but continues the tradition of blessing the crowds from the palace window every Sunday. In a separate statement on Sunday, Francis called for urgent action to stop the planet’s environmental destruction and warned the Amazon was “gravely threatened” in a reference to the fires that have recently ravaged the region. He challenged governments to take “drastic measures” to combat global warming and reduce the use of fossil fuels, saying the world was experiencing a climate emergency. He blamed “sin, selfishness and a greedy desire to possess and exploit” for the damaging effects of climate change in a message to mark the World Day of Prayer for the Care of Creation. It is not the first time the Catholic Church’s first Latin American pope has lashed out about the damage caused by the Amazon fires. Last week he called for united action to extinguish the fires saying “that lung of forests is vital for our planet”. The pope said the upcoming UN Climate Action Summit was of particular importance. “There, governments will have the responsibility of showing the political will to take drastic measures to achieve as quickly as possible zero net greenhouse gas emissions and to limit the average increase in global temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius with respect to pre-industrial levels, in accordance with the Paris Agreement goals.” Francis has made environmental protection one of the hallmarks of his papacy and openly clashed with climate change skeptics like American President Donald Trump, who took the US out of the Paris climate accord. “We have caused a climate emergency that gravely threatens nature and life itself, including our own,” said Francis, the leader of the world’s 1.3 billon Roman Catholics.


Staying alcohol-free at social events can be daunting, but be open to the new experience and own it

The most recent survey on adult drinking habits in Great Britain found that as of 2015, 29% of 16- to 24-year-olds do not drink alcohol – an increase of 18% from 2005. With so many young people abstaining from drinking altogether, there has concurrently been a rise in the “sober-curious” movement, as coined by author Ruby Warrington in her 2019 book of the same name.

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Pope urges everyone to change lifestyle to save planetPope Francis called Sunday on individuals across the world to make changes to their daily habits to stop climate change in its tracks, and to put pressure on their leaders "before it's too late". "We have created a climate emergency, which seriously threatens nature and life, including our own," he said in a message to mark this year's World Day of Prayer for the Care of Creation. Francis, a long-time environmental campaigner, said his plea went out to "every member of the human family".


Pope urges politicians to take 'drastic measures' on climate changePope Francis challenged governments on Sunday to take "drastic measures" to combat global warming and reduce the use of fossil fuels, saying the world was experiencing a climate emergency. Francis issued his appeal, a written message for Sunday's World Day of Prayer for the Care of Creation, ahead of the United Nations Climate Action Summit this month in New York, a follow up to the 2016 Paris Agreement to curb global warming.


What lies beneath: Singapore plans a subterranean futureSpace-starved Singapore has expanded outwards by building into the sea and upwards by constructing high-rises but planners are now looking underground as they seek new areas for growth. Singapore has already built an underground highway and state-of-the-art air conditioning system, but is now looking to house more facilities beneath the surface in order to optimise land use above it. There are as yet no plans to put housing underground, however.